Questions for moderate Muslims and Muslim reformers
1: Do you accept that the Qur'an is the final revelation of God, dictated, through Gabriel, to Mohammed?
1a: If you do not, what do you consider it is, and what authority do you believe it holds?
1b: If you do, how do you explain the inconsistencies, contradictions, and specifically the scientific and historical errors, for example (all quotes are from Pickthal)
18:86 Till, when he reached the setting-place of the sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring
18:90 Till, when he reached the rising-place of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had appointed no shelter therefrom.
And the many other places where the Qur'an supports a geocentric Universe
(not as wrong, just silly is 67:5 And verily We have beautified the world's heaven with lamps, and We have made them missiles for the devils, and for them We have prepared the doom of flame. And if you think this is merely an obsolete quirk, the following was quoted in "Islam Q&A" "Al-Bukhaari said in his Saheeh: Qutaadah said: “Allaah created these stars for three purposes: to adorn the heavens, to stone the devils and as signs by which to navigate. Whoever seeks anything else in them is mistaken and does not benefit from them, and he is wasting his time and effort in seeking something of which he has no knowledge.” (Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Baab fi’l-Nujoom, 2/240) by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid )
For history, see 5:116 "And when Allah saith: O Jesus, son of Mary! Didst thou say unto mankind: Take me and my mother for two gods beside Allah ?" implying Mary is part of the Christian Trinity
or 7:124 "Surely I shall have your hands and feet cut off upon alternate sides. Then I shall crucify you every one." supposedly spoken by the Pharaoh of the Exodus when crucifixion was invented by the Romans centuries later.
2: Do you believe that Muslims should be under Shariah law -- not obey it but be governed by it, either in Muslim countries or in communities existing in non-Muslim countries?
2a: In what ways do you see Sharia law as superior to secular law as promulgated in countries such as the US, Canada, and England -- or other Western countries if you prefer.
2b: Should apostates be punished criminally if they merely leave Islam? What if they attempt to convince others of their position?
2c: Should blasphemy be punishable by law?
2d: As far as I know, neither the Qur'an nor the Hadiths specifically condemn rape, distinctly from other consensual sexual sins. Can you quote me a hadith or verse of a Sura where this condemnation occurs.
2e: What rights should homosexuals have? Homosexual Muslims?
2f: Many of the punishments that are supposedly based on sharia and on specific verses of the Qur'an or on Hadiths are seen as excessively harsh, and when countries attempt to impliment them, there is an outcry against them. Do you accept such punishments, and if not, how do you get around the Qur'anic verses that seem to call for them?
That's enough for now. There will be a part B on the Islamic attitude towards women, on Islamic practices that are frequently explained away as 'cultural survivals' and on thew treatment of Unbelievers, and other things.